E-ISSN 2148-9505
Original Article
Effect of Short-Term Placebo-Controlled Consumption of Probiotic Yoghurt and Indian Curd on the Streptococcus mutans Level in Children Undergoing Fixed Interceptive Orthodontic Therapy
1 Private Practice, Noida, India  
2 Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, India  
3 Department of Microbiology, M. M. College of Medical Sciences and Research, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, India  
4 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College, Barwala, India  
5 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, M. M. College of Dental Sciences and Research, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, India  
Turk J Orthod 2019; 32: 16-21
DOI: 10.5152/TurkJOrthod.2019.18016
Key Words: Streptococcus mutans, probiotics, yoghurt
Abstract

Objective: To examine the effect of short-term consumption of probiotic yoghurt, Indian curd, and ultra-heated yoghurt as placebo on the levels of salivary and plaque Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) in children undergoing fixed interceptive orthodontic therapy.

 

Methods: A placebo-controlled double-blind study was carried out in a total of 30 children (8-15 years). The S. mutans level in the plaque and saliva were taken at the baseline and 2 weeks after the initiation of fixed orthodontic treatment by Dentocult SM kits. An equal number of participants randomized in three groups were asked to ingest 200 g of yoghurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus La-1 and La-2 (>1×109 cfu/mL) once daily, Indian curd, or ultra-heated control yoghurt without viable bacteria and were followed for the S. mutans level after 2 weeks.

 

Results: A significant reduction in salivary S. mutans levels was recorded after probiotic yoghurt ingestion (p=0.001) in addition to a reduction in the plaque S. mutans, which was observed after Indian curd consumption (p=0.026).

 

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that short-term daily consumption of probiotic yoghurt along with Indian curd may help to reduce the levels of S. mutans in the saliva and plaque in children undergoing interceptive fixed orthodontic therapy.

 

Cite this article as: Megha S, Shalini G, Varsha SA, Abhishek D, Neetu J. Effect of Short-Term Placebo-Controlled Consumption of Probiotic Yoghurt and Indian Curd on the Streptococcus mutans Level in Children Undergoing Fixed Interceptive Orthodontic Therapy. Turk J Orthod 2019; 32(1): 16-21.

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