E-ISSN 2148-9505
Three-Dimensional Imaging in Orthodontics
1 Department of Orthodontics, Yeditepe University School of Dentistry, İstanbul, Turkey  
Turk J Orthod 2018; 31: 86-94
DOI: 10.5152/TurkJOrthod.2018.17041
Key Words: Three-dimensional, imaging, orthodontics, laser scanner, stereophotogrammetry, computed tomography

Orthodontic records are one of the main milestones in orthodontic therapy. Records are essential not only for diagnosis and treatment planning but also for follow-up of the case, communicating with colleagues, and evaluating the treatment outcomes. Recently, two-dimensional (2D) imaging technology, such as cephalometric and panoramic radiographs and photographs, and plaster models were routinely used. However, after the introduction of three-dimensional (3D) technologies (laser scanner, stereophotogrammetry, and computed tomography) into dentistry, 3D imaging systems are more and more commonly preferred than 2D, especially in cases with craniofacial deformities. In fact, 3D imaging provided more detailed and realistic diagnostic information about the craniofacial hard as well as soft tissue and allowed to perform easier, faster, and more reliable 3D analyses. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the 3D imaging techniques, including their advantages and disadvantages, and to outline the indications for 3D imaging.

Cite this article as: Erten O, Yılmaz BN. Three-Dimensional Imaging in Orthodontics. Turk J Orthod 2018; 31: 86-94.

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