Turkish Journal of Orthodontics
Original Article
Comparison of the Force Released by Intermaxillary Elastics Used for Different Time Periods

Comparison of the Force Released by Intermaxillary Elastics Used for Different Time Periods

1.

Department of Orthodontics, UNINGA University Center, Maringá, Brazil

Turk J Orthod 2019; 32: 190-194
DOI: 10.5152/TurkJOrthod.2019.18022
Read: 161 Downloads: 147 Published: 27 December 2019

Objective: The objective of the present study was to compare the strength degradation of the force of intermaxillary elastic used for different periods.

Methods: The sample included intermaxillary elastics used for 20 adult patients with bilateral Class II or III malocclusion in orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances, with a mean age of 27.25 years. Latex orthodontic elastics with 3/16 inch of diameter were used, with an average stretching of three times its diameter. The elastics were used in the same patient bilaterally for different periods, with each pair of elastics used for 1, 12, 24, and 48h. Thus, the sample consisted of 200 elastics, with 40 being used in each period (one pair used by each patient) and 40 new elastics without use tested as control. Elastics were tested using a universal testing machine, stretched with a velocity of 30 mm/min, and the force was evaluated in stretches of 15, 20, 25, and 30 mm. The degradation force was compared in the four different times of use and control by one-way ANOVA (analysis of variance) and Tukey tests.

Results: There were significant differences among the groups in all evaluated stretches (15, 20, 25, and 30 mm). The control elastics presented higher average forces numerically and statistically significant for all tested times, except for the elastic used for 1h. The elastics used for 1, 12, and 24h had similar forces among them, with a significant difference to the elastics used for 48h.

Conclusion: It is recommended to change the intermaxillary elastics after 24 h of use.

Cite this article as: Nitrini ATL, Chagas AS, Freitas KMS, Valarelli FP, Cançado RH, Oliveira RCG, et al. Comparison of the Force Released by Intermaxillary Elastics Used for Different Time Periods. Turk J Orthod 2019;  32(4): 190-4.

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