Original Article

Impact of Orthognathic Correction of Class II Malocclusion on the Perception of Social Characteristics


  • Matheus Melo Pithon
  • Maille Ferreira Nunes Rocha
  • Raildo da Silva Coqueiro
  • Ana Carolina Dias Viana de Andrade

Received Date: 07.12.2016 Accepted Date: 16.05.2017 Turk J Orthod 2017;30(3):69-72


To evaluate the influence on the perception of social characteristics after orthognathic treatment for the correction of Class II malocclusion.


A cross-sectional study was conducted with the participation of 240 observers who evaluated images of individuals before and after orthognathic surgery for the correction of malocclusion. Based on the images, two different questionnaires were applied containing 44 questions each for evaluating social competence, intellectual ability, psychological adjustment, and attractiveness. The mean scores for evaluations of the images were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test at 5% level of significance (α=0.05).


Orthognathic treatment significantly (p<0.05) improved the evaluation of individuals in the requisites of the score attributed to the image (p=0.008), extroversion (p=0.026), happiness (p=0.006), self-confidence (p=0.046), and attractiveness (p=0.015).


Orthognathic treatment for the correction of Class II malocclusions has a positive effect on the perception of social characteristics of individuals. The individuals subjected to orthognathic surgery were evaluated as being more attractive, intelligent, socially competent, and psychologically adjusted.

Keywords: Orthognathic surgery, social perception, orthodontics, malocclusion